During the onset of the Industrial Revolution, many Scottish weavers left their homes to seek work in Yorkshire. With them, they brought various types of terrier, namely the Clydesdale and Paisley Terrier, which although now extinct, belonged to the Scottish Terrier breeds. It is suggested that the bloodline of the Scottish terriers was crossed with the local breeds, specifically the Waterside Terrier and the Black and Tan English Terrier. Nevertheless, it is difficult to determine the exact bloodline of the Yorkshire Terrier owing to the many terriers and toy dogs that were so commonly kept at that time, and more so which could have been infused into the bloodline. The Yorkshire Terrier, as a distinct breed, first made an appearance at a show in England in 1861 where it was referred to as a "broken-haired Scotch Terrier". It was first recognised as a Yorkshire Terrier in 1870 and was then listed in the Kennel Club's first Stud Book of 1874.
15-17 years
22.5-23.5 cms (8-9 inches)
3.2 kgs (7 lbs)
Thin, straight and silky, with a dorsal parting, Yorkie hair has been described as being similar to some human hair, even the structure and length. Quite unlike other breeds, the Yorkshire terrier has no underhair; its hair follicles have only one long continuously growing hair that can reach 12 to 22cm in length.
This dainty dog is well-proportioned and compact, with a level body.
Highly intelligent, Yorkshire terriers quickly adapt to the environment they are homed in. Their intelligence and naturally demanding demeanour also gives the impression of their ‘fussiness’, particularly when it comes to feeding! Playful, particularly when young, Yorkshire terriers do enjoy exercise in the form of short walks. The Yorkshire Terrier’s high level of intelligence does mean that they are fast learners, benefiting from mental stimulation and consistent training.
Yorkshire terrier puppies are born black and tan, appearing slightly darker than the adult, with the coat colour developing over the early months. Dark, steel blue extends over the body, from the back of the neck to the tail, and a rich golden tan colouring is apparent at the ears and on the muzzle and the side of the head.
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