The Siamese originated in Siam (modern Thailand), where cats of this type have been known for centuries and can still be seen among the feral population. The 'Wichien-Maat' or 'Diamond Cat' is described in the Tamra Maew, a book of cat poems and drawings made of folded handmade paper written between 1350 and 1767. There are many myths and legends associated with the Siamese: the cats shared living quarters with Buddhist monks in their native country and it was thought that the monks' souls would pass into the cats' when they died, hence they were treated with the greatest reverence. Some early Siamese had kinks in their tails and crossed eyes and stories tell how a Siamese guarded the Buddha's goblet for days by wrapping her tail around it and fixing her eyes on it, and then she stayed that way for ever. The name the 'Royal Cat of Siam' was used by the first British breeders, as the breed was favoured by the royal family in Siam and carefully guarded in the royal palace. It was in the 1880s that the Siamese were brought to Great Britain and the first standard was established in 1892.
12-18 years
2.5-5.5kg (6-12lbs)
Very short, fine, sleek and close-lying with little grooming required
The Siamese is lithe, long and elegant.
Very lively and playful – can be mischievous. They are also talkative (with a loud voice) and hate solitude but often prefer the company of people to other cats.
The Siamese pattern can be seal, blue, chocolate, lilac, caramel, cinnamon and fawn points, tortie points of these colours, red point, cream point or tabby points of all of these colours. The eye colour is always blue.
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