Origin
Often known by owners as ‘Newfs or Newfies’, the breed originates from the island of Newfoundland, off the coast of Canada, and is one of the few breeds indigenous to this country. They helped fishermen on boats that put out into the North Atlantic Ocean by hauling in fishing nets. Their swimming ability also meant they could carry boat lines ashore, and, most important of all, jump into the inhospitable sea to retrieve anything that fell overboard, from equipment to sailors. They probably evolved from dogs imported from Europe, and began their reverse trek across the Atlantic around 250 years ago. By 1770 they were being imported into Britain, where they were often used to pull carts, particularly in West Country ports trading with Newfoundland. Now, the Newfie’s swimming heritage continues as they are employed as water rescue dogs. It is also represented by their especially adapted ‘webbed’ feet; the skin between the claws helps propel them through the water when swimming.
Lifespan
8-10 years
Size
Newfies grow to a whopping 66-71 cms (25-27 inches).
Weight
Dogs weigh around 64-69 kgs (141-152 lbs), bitches 50-54 kgs (110-119 lbs).
Coat
Their coat is thick, oily and slightly wavy; designed by nature to keep the dog warm so is virtually waterproof, with a soft, dense undercoat. However, this coat can trap gallons of water, so Newfie owners know to avoid their dogs like the plague when they get out of water – otherwise they are soaked as the dog shakes itself dry!
Build
Large, strong, incredibly well built dogs with a big bone. They stand square with a flat back.
Characteristics
The Newfoundland's are large, powerful dogs; they demonstrate extreme loyalty to their owners to the point where they hate being separated from them. A change of owner is very difficult at any stage in their life.
They are gentle, lovable pets, which get along with anyone, including children and other animals. Nevertheless they require lots of space and exercise and whenever possible, access to somewhere suitable to swim!
Colour
Black: deep black sometimes tipped with bronze. Some are also splashed with white on the chest, toes and tip of tail. Brown: can be chocolate or bronze – again sometimes with splashes of white. Grey newfies are ocassionally seen.
   
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