Origin
The distinctive spotted Dalmatian is one of the oldest of all breeds of dog and has remained relatively unchanged for centuries. The earliest recorded history of a Dalmatian type dog was in 3,700 BC. Wall paintings found in Egypt showed that King Cheops (who was the builder of the great pyramid) had a pet spotted dog. In the middle ages this Dalmatian-like dog was used as a hunter to catch deer in France. Owing to their unusual appearance the Dalmatian also caught the eye of English Aristocrats who, on returning from their travels, would bring the dog back to England. They soon discovered that this breed had tough feet and legs and could travel distances of up to 30 miles. By the 1800s this breed was used as a carriage dog (this is where the Dalmatian got its nick name of ‘The Spotted Coach Dog’.) Interestingly, the Dalmatian is also associated with Budweiser beer. The company had a carriage that was pulled by magnificent Clydesdale horses and a Dalmatian would always accompany the carriage. The brewer maintained several teams of Dalmatians in different locations to accompany the carriage. They were also used in this capacity to protect the carriage whilst deliveries were being made.
Lifespan
9-12 years
Size

56-68 cms (22-26 inches)

Weight
22 kgs (48 lbs)
Coat
This breed has a short, dense and fine coat.
Build
The Dalmatian has a strong, muscular, tight skinned body with a similar shape to the Pointer. Its head is well proportioned with its body, and its ears are set moderately wide apart.
Characteristics
The Dalmatian is a very loyal, loving and affectionate breed that becomes incredibly fond of its owners and does need constant companionship. This exuberant and enthusiastic breed is brilliant with older children who want to play, however its lively nature can make them not always the best with small children. A famous trait in the Dalmatian is what is known as ‘smiling’. Not all Dalmatians exhibit this behaviour but it is common amongst the breed. It involves the curling back of the top lip to reveal the upper layer of teeth. This is often mistaken for snarling, however it is actually the dog showing submission. The Dalmatian is an exceptionally clean dog, which apparently has no bad odour. It has been said that the Dalmatian is so clean that it will actually avoid muddy puddles!
Colour
The Dalmatian has possibly one of the most distinctive appearances of all the dog breeds. The dog is pure white with either liver or black spots, however other colours of spots can occur. Lemon, orange, blue, brindle and even tri-colour spots have been known in the Dalmatian although these are rare. The pigmentation of a Dalmatian’s nose and claws is determined by the colour of its spots. So if, for example, the dog has liver spots then its nose and claws will be liver too. The Dalmatian is the only dog that is born pure white and then the spots occur in the first few weeks. Each Dalmatian has a completely unique pattern of spots, much like a human fingerprint. Its eyes are either brown or blue, and it has been known for the dog to have one brown eye and one blue.
   
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