Origin
There is speculation surrounding the history of the smallest dog in the world. One thing most people are sure of is that it was named after the Mexican state of Chihuahua, which borders Texas and Arizona. It is widely believed that these little dogs originated in Mexico in about 1100 A.D. after the Toltecs conquered southern and central Mexico. With them they brought dogs of a small stature known as ‘Techici’. When the Spanish conquerors invaded Mexico they brought with them a small black and tan terrier type dog that bred with the Techici, allegedly creating the first Chihuahua. Here, however, is where the debate ensues as many people believe that the dog, which bred with the Techici was of Chinese origin. The Chinese were known for breeding miniature dogs and it is thought that the Spanish traders inherited small hairless dogs from China, which they then took over to Mexico.
Lifespan
14-16 years
Size
This is what this breed is most famous for. It is the smallest canine and grows to only about 15-25 cms (5-9 inches) high at the wither, although the height can vary in this breed more than any other dog with some growing to about 30-38 cms (11-14 inches). The Kennel Club’s breed standard does not specify a height, it is more concerned with the proportions and weight of the dog. Interestingly the Chihuahua is the only ‘natural’ toy breed, they are not the result of breeding down from larger breeds, they always have been small.
Weight
1.3 kgs (2.9 lbs)
Coat
There are two different coat types in this breed, smooth and long coated. The smooth coat is short, glossy and soft and covers the whole body, with slightly less fur on the head and ears. The longer coat is either flat or has a slight curl and is also double layered.
Build
The Chihuahua is more robust than it looks, although it is fine boned it is also very muscular. Its body is slightly longer than it is tall and the tail is carried in a loop that touches the back.
Characteristics
This little dog is fiercely loyal; they will often form strong bonds with either one or two people. In general the Chihuahua is a loving and sweet natured dog, although due to their loyalty they can be wary of strangers, sticking to their owners like glue when new people are around. These dogs are best suited to homes with one or two people, as their loyalty can turn into jealousy, which can occasionally bring out an aggressive streak.
Colour
This dog can come in almost any colour. It can be anything from one colour to tri-colour with shades ranging from fawn to silver to black and tan. Any colour is acceptable in this breed.
   
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