Origin
An English clergyman, the Reverend Jack Russell, developed the eponymous breed in the 19th century. This parson had been brought up in a keen fox hunting family and had himself become a hunting enthusiast. Reverend Jack Russell died in 1883, however his small hunting dogs had by this time become highly respected and the breed was kept going by hunt enthusiasts. There were many small dogs bred for hunting and this has created great conflict regarding what a true Jack Russell actually was. Nevertheless, the long-legged, ‘Jack Russell’ as originally bred by the Reverend was preserved and has subsequently been renamed the Parson Russell Terrier, and this is the dog that is to be seen in the show ring today. The term Jack Russell has become a generic name for shorter legged working terriers and as such it’s not actually recognised as a specific breed, rather a type of dog.
Lifespan
9-15 years
Size
32-38 cms (12-14 inches)
Weight
5-8 kgs (11-17 lbs)
Coat
The Parson Terrier has a dense double coat. This means that the dog has a soft under coat and a coarser topcoat. It comes in three different hair types, smooth, broken and wire haired. The smooth coat has a short topcoat, the wirehaired has a longer wirier topcoat and the broken has a longer topcoat on some parts of the body, mainly the head, tail and legs.
Build
The Parson Terrier is small and compact; it is of a similar look to the Fox Terrier, however it is less refined. Its skull is flat between its V shaped ears, which face forward. The chest is small and its body is flexible enabling the dog to go to ground after prey.
Characteristics
The Parson Russell Terrier is incredibly brave for its size, but also fun loving and extremely loyal. They are known for their intelligence and tenacity.
Colour
Mainly white with black, tan or lemon markings, particularly on the head..
   
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